D.C. Circuit Vacates Teva’s 180-Day Exclusivity on Generic RISPERDALSeptember 15, 2008
On September 12, 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia heard oral argument and ruled in Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. v. Leavitt, which concerns the availability of 180-day exclusivity for a generic version of Janssen Phaemaceutica’s schizophrenia drug RISPERDAL (risperidone) Tablets based on Teva’s Paragraph IV certification to U.S. Patent #5,158,952 (“the ‘952 patent”). As we previously reported, Teva sued FDA in March 2008 after the Agency denied a citizen petition Teva submitted in August 2007 requesting that FDA relist the ‘952 patent in the Orange Book and confirm Teva’s eligibility for 180-day exclusivity.
According to Teva’s citizen petition, Teva submitted an ANDA to FDA on August 28, 2001. The ANDA contained a Paragraph IV certification to the ‘952 patent. In October 2001, FDA notified Teva that the ‘952 had been delisted from the Orange Book, and required the company to amend its patent certification to reflect that the ‘952 patent was no longer listed in the Orange Book as claiming RISPERDAL Tablets. Teva complied and submitted the ANDA amendment. After the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided in Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. v. Leavitt in November 2006 that FDA may not delist a patent from the Orange Book following the submission of an ANDA with a Paragraph IV certification to that patent, however, Teva reportedly reviewed its ANDA portfolio for any potential unlawful patent delistings that could affect the company’s eligibility for 180-day exclusivity. This review led to the company’s August 2007 citizen petition.
Teva argued in its citizen petition that because the “official Orange Book” (that is, the printed edition of the Orange Book) listed the ‘952 patent when the company submitted its ANDA, “FDA’s putative delisting of the ‘952 patent did not become effective until January 2002, when the official Orange Book reflected the delisting of that patent.” As such, according to Teva, given the decision in Ranbaxy, FDA could not have lawfully delisted the ‘952 patent because of the company’s Paragraph IV certification to that patent, and the company remains eligible for 180-day exclusivity. Teva also contends that because FDA “failed to provide official notice of the ‘delisting’ for several months following the submission of Teva’s ANDA,” the delisting does not affect Teva’s “entitlement” to 180-day exclusivity.
On April 11, 2008, Judge Royce C. Lamberth of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued a 2-page order siding with Teva. Judge Lamberth’s order declared that the delisting of the ‘952 patent was unlawful, ordered FDA to relist the patent in the Orange Book and to restore Teva’s Paragraph IV patent certification, and enjoined FDA from approving any generic RISPERDAL Tablets ANDAs until Teva’s 180-day exclusivity expires. FDA approved Teva’s ANDA with 180-day exclusivity and appealed Judge Lamberth’s decision.
After being fully briefed on the issues raised in this case, the D.C. Circuit (a 3-judge panel of Circuit Judges Brown, Kavanaugh, and Senior Circuit Judge Williams) filed a per curiam judgment (without memorandum) on September 12, 2008 – the same date on which oral argument was heard. The court’s order vacates the district court’s April 11, 2008 injunction and reverses the court’s order. Also, in a rather unusual move, the court issued its mandate on September 12, 2008.